scottish referendum 2019

[94] The IPPR thinktank stated that Scottish unionists needed to provide options for Scotland, if they wished to retain the British union. This had fallen somewhat since the SNP were first elected to become the Scottish Government in 2007. The Scottish Government advocates that Scotland should be a member of the European Union both as a part of the United Kingdom and as an independent state. Scottish leader Nicola Sturgeon said an independence referendum that could wrench apart the United Kingdom after Brexit should take place … Only a Labour government would grant a Scottish referendum. [21], Though the proposal for Scotland to become an independent country was voted down in 2014, the referendum resulted in the Scottish Parliament gaining additional powers through the Scotland Act 2016, which increased the devolved powers in areas such as taxation and some aspects of welfare provision. (asked after the EU referendum)", "Nicola Sturgeon points to 'growing urgency' for Scottish independence", "Scottish independence surveys 'show Brexit has put union at risk, "Why are more Scots supporting independence?". On the other side of town, challenger and Lib Dem candidate Wendy Chamberlain is knocking on doors with her own small army of supporters. “You couldn’t do it in the Thames (in London) because it’s too much of a threat to human life,” says Stage. "[121], Interim Scottish Conservative leader Jackson Carlaw has stated his opposition to a referendum. Uncertainty over Scotland's European Union (EU) membership was a topic in the run-up to the referendum vote. [98], Under the United Kingdom’s EU membership, Scottish farmers had been entitled to Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) payments, with fisheries receiving support from the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). “But what’s a trident bomb going to do amongst lochs and glens and Glasgow.”. The SNP's 2019 General Election manifesto stated that the party intended to hold a second referendum in 2020; it won 48 of Scotland’s 59 seats. [100] The SNP's 2017 General Election manifesto stated that "the Scottish Government [led by the SNP, had] published proposals that would keep Scotland in the Single Market, even as we left the EU. [131] Professor John Curtice said after this poll was released that there had recently been a swing towards "Yes", and that this was concentrated among people who had voted to "Remain" in the 2016 Brexit referendum. Scotland’s first minister and the leader of the SNP, Nicola Sturgeon, has said scrapping Trident would be one of her party’s key demands if Labour wanted its support in a minority government. [33][36], Scottish Secretary David Mundell stated, on 26 June 2016, that "if the people of Scotland ultimately determine that they want to have another [independence] referendum there will be one", and added "Could there be another referendum? [15], Other issues, such as the economy, played a large part in the debate. Hauling lobsters onto his family’s boat in St Andrews’ harbor, Gardner stands on the cliff edge. [58], The SNP garnered 45% of the popular vote in Scotland, an 8% gain from the 2017 UK general election. "[119], Former Liberal Democrats leader Tim Farron in March 2017, said: “Scottish Liberal Democrats stood for election last year on a platform to oppose a new independence referendum. [90], Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said: "[be] very clear Scotland does not have the competence to negotiate with the European Union". The answer to that question is yes. In the event of a hung parliament –- one in which no party secures an outright majority -- the pro-independence SNP could play kingmaker, potentially propping up a Labour government (they’ve dismissed the idea of doing the same with the Conservatives). [80], Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, Following the EU referendum result, Sturgeon said she would communicate to all EU member states that Scotland had voted to stay in the EU. The SNP believes an independent Scotland is the best way of staying in the EU; the Lib Dems say Scotland is stronger in Europeand in the UK. Each of the four constituent nations of the UK would have to vote for withdrawal before the UK as a whole could leave the European Union. [86] Similarly, the French President, François Hollande, stated: "The negotiations will be conducted with the United Kingdom, not with a part of the United Kingdom". [40][41] Prior to the passage of the motion, a Green Party amendment was passed, by the same margin, that seeks to enable 16 and 17 year-olds and EU citizens the opportunity to vote in a referendum.[42]. Even those who did vote Remain feel they’ve been flung under a Brexit bus that is beyond their control. [47][48] Elsewhere, 11% backed the SNP and the Liberal Democrats in 2017, compared to 15% and 10% respectively in 2015. Scottish independence (Scottish Gaelic: Neo-eisimeileachd na h-Alba; Scots: Scots unthirldom) is the political movement for Scotland to become a sovereign state, independent from the United Kingdom.. Scotland was an independent kingdom through the Middle Ages, having won wars of independence against England.The two kingdoms were joined in personal union in 1603 when the Scottish King … The Scottish Government was working on a three-pronged approach to constitutional change: The civic campaign group Voices for Scotland launched in April 2019 to secure a pro-independence majority in Scotland through societal engagement. and that the Scottish Government should focus on its domestic agenda. [5][6] No Prime Minister of the United Kingdom has approved the transfer of power for another independence referendum under Section 30,[7][8][9][10] and current Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said he will not sanction it while he is in office. [50], Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson responded to the report by saying: "For me, the most important issue is making sure our children get a good education. Although the Scottish Government have paused independence referendum planning, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy will be present for many years. Without such an opt-out, passport controls may be required between Scotland and the CTA members. Among those hitting the pavements alongside Chamberlain are students Joseph Luke, 20, and Alex Whitham, 21. [7], On 28 March 2017, the Scottish Parliament voted 69–59 on Motion S5M-04710, in favour of holding a second referendum on Scottish independence. [130], "No" continued to show a lead in opinion polls until July 2019, when one poll by Lord Ashcroft showed a narrow majority for "Yes". With Brexit, such support was due to be ended with a new payment system introduced. [...] But there were also political difficulties", referring to Catalonia in member state Spain. [128] During the period of 18 September 2015 to 18 September 2016 a further twenty-four opinion polls were conducted, of which twenty had "No" as the predominant answer while four had "Yes" as the predominant answer. Scottish leader Nicola Sturgeon on Thursday warned the United Kingdom that she wants the second referendum "in the earlier part" of the next Scottish parliament, which begins next year. The SNP went on to win 56 of the 59 Scottish seats that were contested in an unprecedented landslide winning 50% of the national vote and left just three unionist MPs in Scotland; Labour saw their worst result in Scotland since 1918, the Liberal Democrats fell to their lowest level since 1970 and the Conservatives received their lowest vote share in Scotland since 1865. “Independence is not about ‘oh we hate the English,’” says 22-year-old Scot and pro-independence campaigner Iona Fraser-Collins. [95], In their manifestos for the 2017 German federal election, the Free Democrats and the Greens stated that EU membership would remain an option for Scotland and Northern Ireland (as well as for the rest of the UK), if they left the UK. The report, additionally, suggested that an independent Scotland would negotiate a share of the UK national debt, while continuing to use the Pound Sterling as currency for at least a decade. SP Bill 46 Session 5 (2019) Referendums (Scotland) Bill [AS INTRODUCED] CONTENTS. "[84], After a summit of EU leaders on 29 June 2016, Sturgeon held meetings with some EU officials. [16][17], The Scottish Government's official publication on the independence referendum stated that "It is the view of the current Scottish Government that a referendum is a once-in-a-generation opportunity",[18] a point reiterated a few days before the vote by the SNP's then-leader, Alex Salmond, noting the eighteen-year gap between the devolution referenda held in 1979 and in 1997 as an example of the generational opportunity. “It’s about us wanting to be in charge of our own laws, and England being in charge of its own laws.”. Of course, there’s no guarantee that an independent Scotland would automatically be welcomed back into the EU. With many seats in Scotland resting on razor-thin margins, this will be the scene of a fierce battle that could have major consequences for the future of the UK. Holding a second Scottish independence referendum in 2021 might be clever politics, exploiting Boris Johnson's unpopularity in Scotland, but the … Financial groups, such as the Royal Bank of Scotland and Lloyds Banking Group, were reported to be considering moving their registered offices to London, as a result of a European law stating that banks should have their head offices in the same member state as its registered office, as well as implying that these offices should be in the location where they conduct most of their activity – which would be the remainder of the United Kingdom in the event of Scottish independence. [86], The Scottish European and External Affairs Committee held an evidence session on 30 June 2016, asking a panel of four experts (Dr Kirsty Hughes of Friends of Europe, Prof Sionaidh Douglas-Scott of the Queen Mary School of Law at the University of London, Sir David Edward and Prof Drew Scott of the University of Edinburgh) what they felt was the best way to secure the Scottish-EU relationship. [49], On 25 May 2018, the Scottish National Party published its "Growth Commission" report, which detailed the economics of an independent Scotland when maintaining close alignment to British fiscal policy. Across Scotland, the Lib Dems’ vote share pales in comparison to that of the SNP – they hold just four of the country’s 59 seats, trailing behind the Conservatives and Labour. Sturgeon said the UK government's current opposition to the independence referendum, indyref2, that could wrench it apart after Brexit, was ''unsustainable''. These polls have been carried out since six weeks after the referendum. “Scotland should have the opportunity to choose whether to … [59], Nicola Sturgeon, leader of the SNP, said after the election that "it couldn't really be any clearer from the results of this election that Scotland doesn't want a Boris Johnson government, it doesn't want to leave the European Union, and it wants to be able to determine its own future, whatever that future turns out to be. #EUref", "Scotland welcome to join EU, Merkel ally says", "Brexit: Scottish independence 'simplest EU option, "Brexit: PM is 'willing to listen to options' on Scotland", "Think tank says unionists must offer Scotland EU options", "Brexit: Sturgeon sets out key Scottish interests that 'must be protected, "Scottish Labour publish Brexit economy 'action plan, "German Parties Snub U.K. to Back Scotland's Push to Defy Brexit", "Britain After Brexit: Resistance from Scotland", "Nicola Sturgeon confirms 'Norway model' option", "EEA 'likely to welcome' an independent Scotland", "Scotland analysis: assessment of a sterling currency union", "Some early thoughts on the Sustainable Growth Commission report", "Six tests would 'act against' creating a Scottish currency, think-tank argues in critique of SNP Growth Commission", "Coronavirus: Largest UK recession on record - official figures", "Scotland officially in recession after GDP fall", "Pro-independence parties throw their weight behind ScotRef decision", "Theresa May rules out Nicola Sturgeon's plans for a new Scottish independence referendum before Brexit, as Lords pass landmark Brexit bill following MPs' vote", "New campaign organisation aims to take independence movement 'to the next level, "Labour councillor and Cosla president calls for second independence referendum", "Alex Salmond calls for second independence referendum after Brexit 'humiliation, "Boris Johnson won't give Scots a second independence referendum", "Scottish independence: Jeremy Corbyn says indyref2 'absolutely fine, "Scottish Liberal Democrats will oppose second referendum", "New Scottish independence bill published", "General election 2019: Jackson Carlaw answers your questions on the election", "Why it's time for Home Rule for Scotland – Richard Leonard", "Richard Leonard tells Labour chiefs Scottish party will decide IndyRef2 position", "Rennie: My MPs will vote to block indyref2", "Willie Rennie wants Scottish independence poll blocked", "New poll: Scotland would back indy if fresh vote was held now", "What are the latest polls saying about Scottish independence? Prime Minister Boris Johnson is on a collision course with Scotland’s leader Nicola Sturgeon over the future of the U.K. Sturgeon says Scotland needs a new referendum on whether to … A referendum on independence is a matter of intent of the government to allow Scotland a say on independence. 6 Provision about voting etc. They gather outside cafes handing out political flyers, all too aware that in a constituency where just two votes decided the winner last time around, they could make all the difference. [131] This trend continued into January 2020, when three polls put "Yes" support at between 50% and 52% (excluding undecideds). This was refuted by the United Kingdom Government and opposition parties as a policy that no party would support in government. In May 2019, the Scottish Government introduced the Referendums (Scotland) Bill to the Scottish Parliament. [33][34] Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said it was "clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union" and that Scotland had "spoken decisively" with a "strong, unequivocal" vote to remain in the European Union.  Experts say that’s largely down to a four-party system not seen in England. This is counter to the voting franchise in the 2014 referendum which was limited to British, Irish, Commonwealth and European Union citizens resident in Scotland over the age of 16.[79]. [93] The Scottish Labour Party published an 'Action Plan' in July 2016, focusing on the economy. European Union Referendum (Date of Referendum etc.) There was one only two years ago. For Scottish voters, a key issue in the general election will be independence -- whether they want to stay part of the United Kingdom or break away and become an independent country. The Scottish Government introduced the Scottish Elections (Franchise and Representation) Bill to the Scottish Parliament. [65] Five months later, Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Government was planning a new draft referendum bill. [70][71][72][73][74] Under the Sewel Convention, the Scottish Government is able to issue a "legislative consent motion," which would signal to the United Kingdom Parliament that Scottish Government has deemed it necessary to alter a law enacted by the UK Government or to change the scope of the devolved government's powers in some manner.[75]. If there was another referendum and if Scots voted out, it would mark the biggest shock to the United Kingdom since Irish independence a century ago - just as London … Conduct [110] The pro-union organisation Scotland in Union has suggested that an independent Scotland within the EU would face trade barriers with a post-Brexit UK and face additional costs for re-entry to the EU.[109]. At present, there is no legislation which provides specifically for referendums held under Acts of the Scottish Parliament. This year’s candidate, Wendy Haynes, says her party’s aim is to create a radically different UK, one that Scotland will want to be part of. This group was established by the Scottish Independence Convention which is made up of cross-party and grassroots organisations. The British government and some mainstream political parties argued that remaining in the UK was the only way for Scotland to remain p… [2] The SNP formed a minority government after the 2016 election,[3] and the "leave" side won a referendum on UK membership of the EU in June 2016 despite 62% of votes in Scotland being opposed to Brexit. Students loom large here; cycling down pretty streets and teeming out of grand stone university buildings. “We are better off in the UK with the relationships we have across these islands, as well as remaining in the EU and maintaining those relationships we have across the continent,” Chamberlain says, the sea breeze ruffling her long curly hair. The Scottish Government would be required to negotiate a new settlement on agricultural subsidy and fishing subsidies and regulations with the European Union upon seeking membership. It’s best known abroad as the place where Prince William started dating Kate, and as the “home of golf” thanks to the 600-year-old course that dominates the rugged landscape. ", "Pro-EU Scots, Northern Irish eye UK escape after Brexit vote", "Scottish independence: Alex Salmond says Eurosceptics 'damaging Scotland, "EU law may force RBS and Lloyds to become English", "Salmond: 'Referendum is once in a generation opportunity, "'A second Scottish independence referendum is on the horizon', says Alex Salmond", "Terms of 'once in a generation' Scottish independence referendum agreed", "Holyrood 2016: SNP claims 'historic' win but no majority", "Scottish Greens will back SNP over Indyref 2", "Nicola Sturgeon Denies She Has 'Machiavellian' Wish For Brexit", "Scotland Will Quit Britain If UK Leaves EU, Warns Tony Blair", "Henry McLeish: I will back Scottish independence if UK leave EU against Scotland's wishes", "The Impact of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union on Scotland, Wales and Gibraltar", "Scotland Says New Vote on Independence Is 'Highly Likely, "Scots' backing for Remain raises threat of union's demise", "Brexit: Nicola Sturgeon says second Scottish independence vote 'highly likely, "Scotland put on stand-by for another independence referendum after Brexit vote", "SNP's Nicola Sturgeon announces new independence referendum bill", Scottish parliament rejects Brexit in non-binding vote, "Scottish Parliament backs referendum call", "Nicola Sturgeon jeered after refusing to rule out third independence referendum within a few years", "General election 2017: Sturgeon says Indyref2 'a factor' in SNP losses", "Scottish referendum in doubt after steep losses for SNP in UK vote", "Scottish Independence Referendum 2014 – Glasgow Partial Total", "Nicola Sturgeon puts Scottish independence referendum bill on hold", "What's in the SNP's growth commission report? Like his young supporters, he opts for a tall glass of water over anything stronger. [47][48], Following the 2017 UK general election, Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Government would postpone legislation on the proposed second referendum on Scottish independence until at least autumn 2018 when it was believed that the outcome of Brexit negotiations would become clearer. St Andrews, Scotland --It’s a bitterly cold November day in the Scottish town of St Andrews, the kind of morning when the grass crackles underfoot like broken glass. An opinion poll shows a small lead among Scots … ... Tue 15 Oct 2019 02.00 EDT. [47] The Conservatives became the largest anti-independence party increasing their votes from 27% to 46% of unionist voters. A view from St Rule's Tower overlooks the town of St Andrews, Scotland. [123] However, Leonard has said that UK Labour Party policy on independence and a referendum should be decided by the Scottish branch of the party rather than by the whole UK party. [39], On 13 March 2017, Nicola Sturgeon announced she would seek Scottish Parliament approval to negotiate with the UK Government for a Section 30 order enabling a legally binding second independence referendum. 2 Application of this Act . In the EU membership referendum held on 23 June 2016, 52% of voters across the whole UK voted to leave the European Union, with 48% voting to remain; majorities in England and Wales were in favour of leaving the EU, with majorities in Scotland (62%), Northern Ireland and Gibraltar to remain a member of the EU. Scotland would only consider an independent currency, once certain economic goals had been met. [87][88][89] Gunther Krichbaum, head of the Bundestag's Committee for EU Affairs, made supportive comments about Scotland becoming a member state of the EU. The nitty-gritty of what an independent Scotland would actually look like – its currency and border controls --- are all laid out in the SNP’s 650-page White Paper, he says. Regardless, Sturgeon is confident an independent Scotland would be readmitted to the EU. The first minister used to claim that that was her priority too—how times have changed. The policies of the SNP included a second referendum on Scottish independence next year as well as one on Brexit, removing Trident, and devolution across issues such as employment law, drug policy, and migration. Even its national deficit of 7% (EU member states must have deficits below 3%) wouldn’t hold Scotland back, she told the BBC during a live leaders’ debate last week. They come armed with clipboards and political buttons, eschewing pints of beer for tea and Coca-Cola. As the United Kingdom faces its most momentous election in recent history, Scotland is grappling with which view to set its sights on. "[86] Manfred Weber, leader of the European People's Party Group, and Guy Verhofstadt, leader of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group, indicated that they were supportive of Scotland remaining an EU member. [93] Sturgeon then publicly stated that she had five tests for any future arrangements. In another pub down the road, the SNP incumbent in this constituency, Stephen Gethins, rearranges himself on a plush red barstool. A handful of the group were too young to vote in the 2016 EU referendum. Jeremy Corbyn was once a radical outsider. Sturgeon: 'All options' open if Scottish independence referendum blocked 2 December 2019 Nicola Sturgeon has refused to rule out taking legal action if a … During the election campaign, Sturgeon was asked about the prospect of further referenda if the proposed referendum did not result in a vote in favour of independence. LONDON (Reuters) - Scottish leader Nicola Sturgeon said an independence referendum that could wrench apart the United Kingdom after Brexit should take place in the earlier part of the devolved parliament’s next term, which begins next year.. The SNP remained as the third-largest party in the UK House of Commons with its representation reduced to 35 of the total 59 Scottish MPs. [51], In March 2019, the SNP conference adopted an amendment version of the Growth Commission as party policy on the economics of independence. The SNP, which won 48 seats in December 12’s general election, is training its fire on UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, with Westminster leader Ian Blackford insisting he … The SNP wants Scotland back in the EU as quickly as possible Excluding "don't knows", the average of polls in 2019 was 51% No to 49% Yes. [127] Twenty-five opinion polls were conducted in the year after the referendum, with seventeen of them having "No" as the predominant answer, seven having "Yes", and one having an equal proportion of respondents for each opinion. [133] In October 2020, "Yes" received its highest ever rating when an Ipsos MORI poll for STV News showed 58% of respondents in support of independence. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 22:26. Ahead of that referendum, the Scottish Government stated in its white paper proposing independence that voting Yes was a "once in a generation opportunity to follow a different path, and choose a new and better direction for our nation". [85] She raised the possibility of parts of the UK remaining within the EU, or for these areas to have special arrangements with the EU, after the UK leaves. [96], In April 2017, a report for the European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs was published to look at the implications on the UK's withdrawal from the European Union on Scotland, Wales and Gibraltar and their future relations with the EU. The referendum on Scottish independence held on 18 September 2014 saw Scotland vote to remain part of the United Kingdom (UK), with 55% voting against the proposal for Scotland to become an independent country and 45% voting in favour. Meanwhile, kilt shop owner Robert Brown says he’ll be backing the Conservatives because they “support small businesses” like his. [118], Former Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn said in March 2017 that a referendum would be "absolutely fine" and that "I don't think it's the job of Westminster or the Labour Party to prevent people holding referenda." We will oppose UK withdrawal from the EU and will propose that, in any future referendum, there should be a double majority requirement. The elections to the Scottish Parliament took place on 5 May 2016, seven weeks before the holding of the EU Referendum. Scotland rejected independence at a 2014 referendum, 55% to 45%. But circumstances have changed dramatically since then, according to the Scottish National Party (SNP) -- the third-largest party in the UK Parliament. [7] Ruth Davidson later appeared at a press conference in Edinburgh and stated her position that "we will maintain that it should not take place when there is no clear public and political consent for it to happen". [32], In response to the result, on 24 June 2016, the Scottish Government said officials would begin planning for a second referendum on independence. Chamberlain’s biggest challenge may simply be convincing voters in her own home. ... rail stations for 2019-20. Richard Leonard, Scottish Labour's leader, stated that the report, "will exasperate millions of people around the country who just want the first minister focused on public services". However, the currency would not be adopted until several key economic tests were satisfied, and until then an SNP government would have a policy of Sterlingisation of the Scottish economy and state. Experts have warned that Spain – which is facing its own Catalan independence movement – may veto any attempt by Scotland to rejoin the bloc. In April 2019, Sturgeon proposed holding a second referendum before the end of the Scottish Parliamentary session in May 2021. Scottish Socialist Party spokesman Colin Fox said the SSP would "work as hard as anyone to deliver a Yes vote for independence", but warned that making Scotland's EU membership a central and “overarching” issue of the debate would be “a risky strategy” and said it ran the risk of side-lining economic and social challenges facing Scots. This generally tends to show independence supporters favouring a referendum, with those against independence being against one. If Scotland were to join the EU, this could also cause a customs border to form due to the United Kingdom leaving the EU. [114][115], Alison Evison, President of the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA) and Scottish Labour councillor for Aberdeenshire has stated her support for a referendum on independence, stating "We can strengthen it [democracy] by enabling the voice of Scotland to be heard through its formal processes and that must mean a referendum on independence"[116], Former First Minister Alex Salmond has shown support for a further independence referendum, claiming it is inevitable but only after what he predicts will be the ‘humiliation’ of Brexit becomes apparent for a clear choice to be made.

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