In addition to a hadith from the Prophet (s), it seems that Wahb b. Munabbih (d. 110/728 and a well-known fabricator of hadiths) was the first person who allegedly identified Dhu l-Qarnayn with Alexander the Great. Totally different views have been suggested in this regard. According to Muslim accounts, this chapter was revealed to Muhammad when his tribe, Quraysh, sent two men to discover whether the Jews, with their superior knowledge of the scriptures, could advise them on whether Muhammad was a true prophet of God. (He left them) as they were: We completely understood what was before him. In English, too, the word, "horn", is rooted in the Latin "cornu" which seems similar to the word, "qarn". Pearls from Surah Al-Kahf: Exploring the Qur'an's Meaning, Yasir Qadhi Kube Publishing Limited, 4 Mar 2020, meeting of Alexander with the Indian sages, "The Alexander Legend in the Qur'an 18:83-102", "Did the Qurʾān borrow from the Syriac Legend of Alexander? These two people were in different periods by about 2000 years. The view has been rejected because the similarity between the names of the kings of Yemen and Dhu l-Qarnayn is not sufficient for the identification. The king traveled eastwards and westwards. The passage from the tafsir can be found in section 1.1 of the article (Dhul-Qarnayn in early Islamic literature).  Some have argued that the origins of the Quranic story lies in the Syriac Alexander Legend, but others disagree citing dating inconsistencies and missing key elements. Abstract meanings: the second group of such views provide abstract grounds for the appellation associated with other meanings of the word, "qarn". He lived around 300 years before the birth of 'Isa (a). He recognizes that his power and authority come from Allah. While he is never mentioned explicitly by name, the story is clearly based upon a legendary account of Alexander the Great.  Modern Islamic apocalyptic writers, holding to a literal reading, put forward various explanations for the absence of the wall from the modern world, some saying that Gog and Magog were the Mongols and that the wall is now gone, others that both the wall and Gog and Magog are present but invisible. ", ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), Safety of high-energy particle collision experiments, Existential risk from artificial intelligence, Self-Indication Assumption Doomsday argument rebuttal, Self-referencing doomsday argument rebuttal, List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events, List of apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dhu_al-Qarnayn&oldid=991352230, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, They ask thee concerning Zul-qarnain Say, "I will rehearse to you something of his story. The legend allegedly went through much further elaboration in subsequent centuries before eventually finding its way into the Quran through a Syrian version. : "He of the Two Horns"), also spelled Zu al-Qarnayn, appears in the Quran, Surah Al-Kahf (18), Ayahs 83-101 as one who travels to east and west and erects a wall between mankind and Gog and Magog (called Ya'juj and Ma'juj). Dhul-Qarnayn is regarded by some Muslims as a prophet, while other say that he was "a friend of God". In other words, Allah (s.w.t.) It must be clarified that there is a difference of opinion among the historians and commentators whether Dhu’l-Qarnayn was same as Alexander of Rome. , The Sufi poet Rumi (Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī, 1207-1273), perhaps the most famous of medieval Persian poets, described Dhu al-Qarnayn's eastern journey. At length, when he had filled up the space between the two steep mountain sides, he said, "Blow (with your bellows)" then, when he had made it (red) as fire, he said: "Bring me, that I may pour over it, molten lead. And We knew all concerning him. However, there was a disagreement about Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood later. On that day We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another: the trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them all together. Cyrus's travels to the west to conquer the capital of Lydia and to the east to combat Bedouin tribes agree with Dhu l-Qarnayn's travels westwards and eastwards. He then travels to the ends of the earth, conquering or converting people until being led by al-Khidr through the land of darkness. Dhul-Qarnayn (English) Proper noun Dhul-Qarnayn Islam - The ruler... Dhulbahante (English) Proper noun Dhulbahante A clan in Somalia. Moreover, the main text of the Book of Daniel talks about "kings", rather than the "king", of Persis and Medes, and so, it does not apply to one and the same person. Detailed discussions and serious disagreements among Muslim scholars were fueled by the brief mysterious reply of the Prophet Muhammad (s) to inquirers about Dhu l-Qarnayn and the curiosity of Muslims about the details of the story, and in particular, the identity of Dhu l-Qarnayn himself. The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in Arabic ذو القرنين, literally "The Two-Horned One", also transliterated as Zul-Qarnain or Zulqarnain) is found in the 18th Surah of the Qur'an, al-Kahf (the Cave). There are different views about the issue in Shi'a hadiths. The view was reflected in other Islamic sources as well. In addition to Cyrus, other Persian kings have also been suggested as possible candidates for the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn, such as Fereydun, Xerxes I, and Darius III. The main reason for the identification was that Alexander was historically known as a king who conquered different parts of the world, and it seemed that Dhu l-Qarnayn in the Qur'an also conquered different parts of the world. Dhul-Qarnayn demonstrates humility, an essential quality of an ideal leader. After the Qur'an, the contents of different sources regarding Dhu l-Qarnayn were based on fictions and earlier views, although in some periods, authors tried to adopt a critical approach to such contents and to precisely identify Dhu l-Qarnayn. This is simply false. They claim that the Old Testament, and in particular, the Book of Daniel, as well as historical accounts of Xenophon are not reliable sources. Before that, in a dream by the prophet Danial, a ram with two horns appears which is referred to in Hebrew as "קרנים" (qarnim). Ibn Kathir's tafsir on the Quran verses about Dhul-Qarnayn clearly asserts a flat Earth theory. He said: "This is a mercy from my Lord: but when the promise of my Lord comes to pass, He will make it into dust; and the promise of my Lord is true. There is no doubt that Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are two huge nations of the sons of Adam. ", "But as for him who believeth and doeth right, good will be his reward, and We shall speak unto him a mild command.". To decorate the crown with two horns was a symbol of glory and splendor of Majestic Kings at that time. Moreover, the kings did not conquer the world, and none of them constructed an iron dam. Some people believed that he was a prophet, though he was not sent by God to guide people. He said: "Whoever doth wrong, him shall we punish; then shall he be sent back to his Lord; and He will punish him with a punishment unheard-of (before). He was the one who provided … Dhul-Qarnayn motivates the people to help themselves rather than allowing them to accept a handout. In recent periods, some people identified Dhu l-Qarnayn with Cyrus the Great (reign: 530BC-590BC). In general, the popularity of some myths about Alexander in the early Islamic period and some similarities between such myths and the Quranic story of Dhu l-Qarnayn as well as the sanctification of Alexander in Alexandria during the Hellenistic period by the first Christian communities led to the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn with Alexander by Muslim exegetes and historians. Dhul-Qarnayn - Dhul-Qarnayn, (Arabic: ذو القرنين ḏū'l-qarnayn, IPA: [ðuːlqarˈnajn]), (Lit. :16, 18-19, In modern times, many Muslim scholars have argued in favour of Dhu al-Qarnayn being actually Cyrus the Great, the founder of the first Persian Empire. Surah Al-Kahf – Verses 92 - 93 In some cases, Dhu l-Qarnayn is introduced as a prophet and a king, and in some cases, only as a faithful king. The Quran narrates the story of how Allah establishes Dhul-Qarnayn as a powerful ruler on earth and allows the king the … The name appears three times in the Qur'an. At Dhu al-Qarnayn's request the mountain explains the origin of earthquakes: when God wills, the mountain causes one of its veins to throb, and thus an earthquake results. And (Gog and Magog) were not able to surmount, nor could they pierce (it).  Among Muslims, first promoted by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, this theory has generated wider acceptance over the years.  Some modern Muslim scholars are in favor of identifying him with Cyrus the Great.. For centuries, most Muslim historians and Qur'anic commentators endorsed the identity of Dhul-Qarnayn as Alexander, though … According to Abu Rayhan Biruni, al-Adhwa' are from Yemen, and the king of Yemen is called "Dhu l-Qarnayn" because he had two braided strings of hair. The Old Testament contains a reference to a ram with two horns as a metaphorical way of speaking about Persis and Medes kings, and according to hadiths about the occasion on which the verses about Dhu l-Qarnayn were revealed, the Jews initiated the issue of Dhu l-Qarnayn. Others believed that he was not a prophet; rather he was a righteous person and a just king. Al-Qurtubi wrote that Dhu l-Qarnayn is said to be a chosen prophet with whom God conquered the Earth and he allegedly met an angel called "Rabaqil".
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